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by Micha F. Lindemans
The Greek word for wisdom. In Proverbs 8 she speaks like a goddess. The Gnostics conceived Sophia as a saintly spirit. The emperor named his great cathedral in Constantinople (Istanbul) Hagia Sophia, 'Holy Wisdom'. Some sources identify her with Siduru sabaut, the Mesopotamian goddess of paradise.

The name survives in Arabic as safiyya.

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