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by Micha F. Lindemans
"Life". The Arabic name for Eve. She is not mentioned by name in the Qur'an, but referred to as Adam's spouse (Qur'an 2:35, 7:189). She was created by God as a spouse for Adam so that they could live in the Garden together. They were warned not to approach a certain tree. This tree had a very sweet smell, the best in the carden, called qamh. Eve was tempted by Iblis, who had become her friend by his glib talking, to eat from the tree fruit. Only by eating its fruit, he told her, would she be able to have children. When Adam learned what she had done, he followed her example, though more hesitantly, because he knew she would be cast out of paradise and he wanted to protect her against the hard life on earth.

Earth in those days was a bleak place, nothing but rock and thorn bushes. Eve learned to make a fire and to cook the food which Adam brought home: animals he had hunted (later they received cattle) and grain he had cultivated from which Eve baked bread.

Eve gave birth to forty children, twenty sets of twins, each set a boy and a girl. Her eldest son Kabil (Cain) later slew his younger broter Abil (Abel). In this way Eve was punished for having eaten the forbidden fruit.

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